What is an IPO and How Does It Work?

how to apply IPO online

Initial Public Offerings (IPOs) have become a buzzword in the world of finance, with companies going public to raise capital and expand their businesses. An IPO marks the transition from a private company to a publicly traded entity, allowing investors to buy and sell shares of the company on the stock market. In this article, we will delve into the intricacies of IPOs, discussing their nature, types, and how to apply IPO online.

What is an IPO?

An Initial Public Offering (IPO) is the process through which a privately held company makes its shares available to the public for the first time. This milestone allows the company to raise funds from a larger pool of investors by selling ownership stakes in the form of shares. Prior to an IPO, the company is limited to a small group of private investors, but going public opens the doors to a broader investment community.

IPOs present an exciting opportunity for investors as well. By purchasing shares during an IPO, investors have the potential to benefit from the company’s growth and increase in share value. However, IPOs also carry inherent risks, and due diligence is essential before investing in any IPO.

Types of IPO

There are primarily two types of IPOs: Fixed Price IPO and Book Building IPO.

Fixed Price IPO: In this type of IPO, the company sets a specific price for its shares, and all investors are required to bid at that fixed price. The company and its underwriters determine the issue price based on various factors like financial performance, market conditions, and demand.

Book Building IPO: The book-building process is more dynamic and involves determining the IPO price through investor demand. The company and its underwriters release a price range within which investors can bid for shares. Interested investors can then place bids for the number of shares they wish to purchase at a price within the specified range. The final IPO price is determined based on the demand generated during the bidding period.

How to Apply for an IPO Online?

The traditional method of applying for IPOs involved filling out physical application forms and submitting them through banks or designated centers. However, with advancements in technology, the process has been streamlined, making it easier and more convenient for investors.

To apply for an IPO online, follow these general steps:

Demat Account: Ensure you have a Demat account, as shares are held in electronic format and not as physical certificates.

Bank Account and UPI: Link your bank account to your Demat account and set up a UPI (Unified Payments Interface) ID. This is necessary for online transactions.

Select a Brokerage Platform: Choose a reliable brokerage platform that offers IPO application services. Ensure the platform provides access to the IPOs you are interested in.

Research and Choose IPOs: Thoroughly research the IPOs available and select those that align with your investment goals and risk appetite.

Apply for the IPO: Once the IPO application window opens, log in to your brokerage account and find the IPO section. Select the desired IPO and enter the number of shares and the price at which you are willing to bid.

Payment: Place the bid and authorize the payment through your UPI ID.

IPO Allotment Status: The allotment process begins after the IPO bidding window closes. The allotted quantity will be credited to your Demat account if you are allocated shares. You can check the IPO allotment status on the stock exchange’s website or through your brokerage platform.

Choosing the Right Broker for IPOs

When it comes to applying for IPOs, having the right broker can significantly impact your experience and success. m.Stock, a leading brokerage firm, offers a range of features that make it the ideal choice for IPO investments.

  1. 100% Paperless Process: m.Stock revolutionizes the IPO application process by providing a seamless and eco-friendly paperless approach. Gone are the days of physical application forms and cumbersome paperwork. With m.Stock, you can apply for IPOs with just a few clicks, reducing the paperwork and the overall time taken to complete the process.
  2. Easy Monitoring: Keeping track of multiple IPO applications and their statuses can be challenging. However, m.Stock simplifies this process by offering an intuitive interface that allows you to monitor all your IPO applications from a single dashboard. You can easily check the status of your applications and receive real-time updates.
  3. Separate Reporting: Understanding your IPO investments’ performance is essential for making informed decisions. m.Stock provides separate reporting for IPO investments, making it easier to assess their individual performance and overall impact on your investment portfolio.


In conclusion, an Initial Public Offering (IPO) is a significant event in a company’s journey from a private entity to a publicly traded one. It provides an opportunity for companies to raise capital, while investors can participate in the growth story of promising companies. Applying for an IPO has become more accessible with the advent of online platforms, streamlining the process and making it convenient for investors. When venturing into IPO investments, choosing the right broker is crucial for a smooth experience. m.Stock stands out as a top choice offering various user-friendly features and making it an excellent companion for IPO investments. Remember, while IPOs hold great potential for rewards, thorough research and careful consideration of risks are vital to successful investments.

Clare Louise

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